Introduction

Istanbul is a city on the Bosphorus, located in northwestern Turkey. It’s one of the world’s most populous cities and has been for more than 1500 years. The city was founded by the Roman Emperor Constantine I in 330 CE and first called “Byzantium” (from the Greek for “city of Byzas”), although it wasn’t until much later that it came to be known as Istanbul after its re-conquest from Italy by Mehmed II in 1453 CE.

Hagia Sophia

Hagia Sophia, or Ayasofya in Turkish, was built in 537 AD by Byzantine Emperor Justinian I and is considered to be one of the most important architectural sites in Istanbul. The building was converted into a mosque after the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople (Istanbul) in 1453. It later became a museum in 1935 under Mustafa Kemal Ataturk’s secular reforms; however, it remains an active mosque today.

The structure has been called “Hagia Sophia” since at least 562 AD when rebuilt by Emperor Justinian I after an earthquake destroyed its predecessor on this site.[2] The name “Hagia Sophia” means “Sacred Wisdom” in Greek[3] and appears on all four sides of this basilica-style church.[4]

Blue Mosque

If you’re visiting Istanbul for the first time, it’s natural to want to see the city’s most famous landmarks. The Blue Mosque is certainly one of them. Built in 1616 by Sultan Ahmed I, this mosque has six minarets and an area of 5,000 square meters (or 54,000 square feet). It has been described as one of the most important mosques in Istanbul–and rightly so!

Topkapi Palace

The Topkapi Palace is a palace in Istanbul, Turkey. It was the primary residence of the Ottoman sultans for approximately 400 years (1465-1856). The palace complex consists of four main courtyards and many smaller buildings. The palace was built in 1459 by Sultan Mehmed II, who conquered Constantinople (present-day Istanbul) after a siege lasting 29 months.

Basilica Cistern

Located in the south of Sultanahmet Square, a short walk from the Blue Mosque, this cistern was built by Emperor Justinian in the 6th century. It’s one of the best-preserved examples of Byzantine architecture and still holds water today.

Grand Bazaar

The Grand Bazaar is located in central Istanbul and dates back to 1455. It’s more than just a shopping centre, though; it’s also a cultural centre for the city with numerous museums and galleries. The bazaar has more than 4,000 shops selling everything from jewellery to spices, including many famous brands like Gucci and Louis Vuitton.

The Grand Bazaar is open every day except Sunday between 9am-7pm in winter (October-April), or until 9pm during summer months (May-September).

Dolmabahce Palace

Dolmabahce Palace is located in the Besiktas district of Istanbul and was built for the sultan and his family. It’s now a museum that you can visit for a small fee (around $10). The palace has over 1,000 rooms, so you’ll have plenty to explore!

istanbul is very beautiful city

Istanbul is a very beautiful city, with friendly people and delicious food. There are many tourist attractions in Istanbul. The most famous one is the Blue Mosque, which was built by Sultan Ahmet I between 1609-1616 in order to commemorate his conquest of Constantinople (today’s Istanbul).

Conclusion

I hope you enjoyed reading about the top attractions in istanbul! It’s such a beautiful city with so many things to see and do. I think it would be fun to visit someday